Ornamental Fence with Poppies

I walk past this garden and fence several times a week; it is a familiar feature in our neighbourhood. I often take photos of the flowers; its always well tended with perennials blooming from spring to fall.

From left to right and in order,
the photo I worked from, showing the fence masked with low-tack tape; painting the background over the mask; the mask removed, then the development of the shadows and highlights of the cast iron.
"... a grape vine pattern in a rinceau motif. Examples of this fence design are found in front of several Second Empire homes in Spruce Hill.

By the 1840's the abundant amount of anthracite coal from the fields of Northeastern Pennsylvania flowing to Philadelphia down Pennsylvania's river and canal systems provided an ample source of fuel for the industrial cast iron foundries. Cast iron, an alloy high in carbon, is more brittle than wrought iron but also more weather resistant. In addition, it pours readily, making mass production of ornamental iron possible. "

quote from the University City Historical Society